Navajo Silversmith Roland Dixson

Navajo silversmith and artist Roland Dixson produces traditional sterling silver pieces with excellent casting and stampwork.

Roland Dixson Naja Pendant

Roland Dixson Naja Pendant

Characteristics of his style include scalloped edges with deeply domed centers.

Roland Dixson belt buckle with scalloped edges

Roland Dixson belt buckle with scalloped edges

The stamping is deep, intricate and not repetitive from piece to piece. He also incorporates repousse as evidenced in the photo showing the back of the buckle.

Roland Dixson buckle back showing evidence of repousse

Roland Dixson buckle back showing evidence of repousse

Repousse is a technique whereby metal is hammered into relief from the reverse side.

From the pieces that have come through our store, it appears that Roland Dixson uses only natural, untreated turquoise. Here is his hallmark.

Roland Dixson hallmark

Roland Dixson hallmark

I don’t know much about this artist so if anyone has any biographical information, I’d love to hear it.

Recently Roland wrote me and here is what he said:

“Hello this is Roland Dixson, I make different piece from conch belts, to rings pendants, buckles and bracelets…I also can be contacted @ Dick Elkins Trading in Thoreou, NM. (505) 862-7000. , I’m thankful you got a good eye for my work I enjoy what I do, I have many mentors just to name a few the late Kirk Smith, Tommy Singer, Thomas Curtis and Tommy Billie. All well known silver Smiths. They also shared some of their skills with me. Thank you. Roland Dixson”

Here are some more of the pieces he is currently working on.






Mid-1950s Squash Blossom Necklace – LAVOI hallmark

Dear Paula –

Thank you for your helpful tips on photographing and presenting the photos for your inspection.  Hope the attached photos are good for viewing and downloading.

 Zuni Squash Blossom Necklace Background

Bought by my dad at J.B. Hudson Jewelers, a high-end store, in downtown St. Paul, Minnesota. My mom remembers receiving it “before kids” in the mid-late 1950’s. She thinks there is a photo of her wearing it from that time. She reports that broke it cleaning it, and had it restrung by the same dealer. Looks like a strong “tigertail” cord with silver findings to match.

she does not remember what it orginally was strung on. All the same beads were used in the restringing repair.

Appears to be Sterling Silver, but no stamp indicating that.

Pendant: 5.5 cm in diameter at widest (2 1/4″). Heavy sterling silver for sure. Feels heavy.

Stone: Slightly Irregular Ovoid, Bezel setting, probably Natural Turquoise, mine unknown. Matrix is dark brown/black (pyrite?) with coppery shine in certain light. Some small white flecks throughout.  Size 1.5 cm wide x 1.8 cm long

Each single side of necklace is 28 cm long, not inluding hook and jump ring. Made up of elongated beachs and round beads (melon, seamed?)

 Some signs of wear. Mom didn’t wear it that often.

 Designer hallmark on back – Can’t find a similar one in my research. 

Unknown. Hope you can make it out!

 Though simple and less ornate than others I’ve seen, it it quite striking to me. Like a sculpture in miniature.

 Thank you for your time and expertise.

Sincerely, Martha

Hi Martha ,

Nice job on the photos and very nice necklace !

I have no information on a LAVOI or anything close to that.

I’d say this is a Navajo piece, not Zuni.

The beads appear to be bench-made round and melon beads.

The Naja looks very shiny for 60+ years old – perhaps it has been polished?  Sometimes when someone is preparing a piece like this for sale, the seller is tempted to polish the item but that actually decreases the value. The patina adds to its appeal. To me is seems like the naja pendant now looks quite a different color than the beads. Is that how they look in person?

Usually its best to leave the patina on a vintage item when you are selling and let the new owner decide if they want to leave it as is or polish it.


Navajo Squash Blossom Necklace – What is its history and meaning?

Many queries from you relate to a squash blossom necklace. Just search that term in the right hand column of this blog and you’ll see the number of posts related to SBNs !!  One reader asked ” What makes it a squash blossom necklace and why are there so many of them?”

Squash, corn and beans are important foods for the Native American people of the US southwest. They are often used in a symbolic way in jewelry and ceremonies.

Some say the Navajo squash blossom necklace has a connection to southwestern agriculture, other say the the spread petal design is just that, a design, and that is was only after white man asked, “what is this, what does it mean” did the name squash blossom come to be. Yet others say the Navajo copied a similar Spanish design of the pomegranate – look at the end of the pomegranate below and compare it to the “squash blossom” bead.

The Navajo word for the “squash blossom” bead means “bead that spreads out” so it would seem to me that the original intent was design not squash. But what do I know, I wasn’t around in 1880 when spread beads first appeared.

Whichever is the true account, it seems that originally Navajo silversmiths used simple silver bead necklaces to suspend their naja pendants.

In about 1880, the tri-petal form that we know as a squash blossom bead appeared.  At first,  tri-petal silver beads were simply interspersed with plain beads in a naja necklace. Then stones began to be added to the blossom beads partly to please the maker but mostly to satisfy customer demand.

While usually associated with Navajo silversmiths, squash blossom necklaces are also made and worn by Pueblo and Zuni people.  Zuni necklaces usually feature needlepoint designs.

Although there can be any number of squash blossoms on each side of a necklace, there are often six on each side, making twelve squash blossoms and one central naja.

Full size squash blossom necklaces are often quite large and heavy and most suitable for occasional ceremonial wear.  Smaller, lighter versions are made to be worn as everyday jewelry.

Miniature Squash Blossom Necklace by Lorena Peina, Zuni

Why are there so many squash blossom necklaces around? Demand. During the Native American jewelry boom of the 1970s, the artists made them as fast as they sold.  They were one of the most popular Native American jewelry purchases of that time.


Navajo Sandcast Squash Blossom Necklace

Hi Paula,

This is one piece of Native American jewelry my parents purchased from a dealer friend in Tampa back in the early 70s. I’ve been searching for days online and can’t find one just like this. I did find out that the marking on the back N.TSO indicates it was made by Nellie Tso, but can’t find out anything about her.

I think it was made for a woman, but could be unisex. It’s 25″ in length (including the traditional clasp). The naja is 2-1/2″ wide and 2-10/16″ long. The blossoms, which I think may be sunflowers and are the unusual part of the necklace, are 1-1/2″ long and are attached to double bead strands. The weight is about 320g.

If you have seen one like this or know anything about the artist. Thanks for any help. Marta C.

Vintage Sandcast Squash Blossom Necklace

Hi Marta,

That is a unique and heavy sandcast……… squash blossom necklace ! I like it – it has a very pretty and unique design. It is hard for me to tell definitely from the photo but it seems to me that those are meant to be squash blossom flowers – if you have ever had a garden, you know what I mean – they are round and look like that.

Here is an example from our pawn shop of that type of squash blossom flower. But note, the example I am providing below is not sandcast like your necklace is – but the flowers are very similar, aren’t they?

Vintage Navajo Squash Blossom Flower on Necklace

Again, a guess from the photo – perhaps the pieces that project from the flowers are intended to be corn plants with corn leaves on each side. It looks like there is some texturing like kernels of corn. Is that so?

Corn, squash and beans are the traditional mainstays of the southwestern diet, culture and symbolism are are used in many ways in art and ceremony.

Corn, Beans and Squash : Pueblo Diet

Nellie Tso, a Navajo, was a silversmith for the Atkinson Trading Company around 1980. She specialized in sand cast watchbands. The hallmark you describe is one of four ways she has used to sign her work.

I hope this has been helpful. Enjoy your beautiful necklace !


Native American Jewelry – Please Help Me Describe and Price My Jewelry

Dear Paula,

I have a really unusual squash blossom necklace. I’ve owned it for over 40 years and was told then that the pale turquoise came from a Colorado mine.  the metal is pewter. the crown has 5 stones. the stems the stones are out of the beads.
I’ve reached a point a have to sell my jewelry so need help identifying the pieces.
Thank you. Ellie

Example of a Vintage Navajo Squash Blossom Necklace

Hi Ellie,

I’m going to illustrate our conversation with some examples of Vintage Squash Blossom necklaces that are in our Pawn Shop (such as the one above, for example) so as to preserve the privacy of your piece as we chat about it.

I’ve received the photos of your necklace that you sent and I shared them with 3 of my colleagues who have been in the Native American Jewelry business for over 150 years collectively !!

We’ve never heard of a Native American squash blossom necklace made from pewter.

Do you have any recollection as to the name of the mine in Colorado the stones are from?

Are there any cracks in the stones?

What do you want for the necklace? Paula

Good morning Paula,
I’m happy you received the photos.
There are no cracks in any stones
What a leading question how much do I want, Well I want as much as I can get.
1st I would like to know who is the artist.
2nd is there away to find the history of the necklace?
I bought the necklace in 1970 from a shop in Arcadia, CA , the owners
wife was Navajo For several years I bought lots of goodies.  Around 1980 I wore it to the Indian pow wow at the Pomona Fair grounds, and it caused quit a stir was offered up to $1500.00 from different Indians that had selling booths.
Of course I said no, it was my savings account.
I thought I would try to get between $750.00-to $900. And work down from that.
3rd the jeweler said it was pewter, do you think so it’s verrrry heavy.??
As for which mine, all I remember my husband looked it up and said I don’t think she’s (the store owner) right they had closed that  mine in 1902.
Also can you suggest books giving silversmith marks?
Hope this isn’t to long winded. Ellie

Hi Ellie,
As to who the artist it……I would have no way of knowing the artist. Your best bet is to try to trace the history and artist from the shop or owner you purchased it from.
It is a very simple common design that many artists back then used, so it would be difficult to try to attribute it to any one person’s style.
The best way to find the history of the necklace is to contact the store where you purchased it. Or if that store is gone, a store nearby that might have been there at the same time.
As far as what metal it is made of, I can’t tell definitely from a photo. We have a used Native American jewelry store on our website so we test items daily for their silver content. It is a simple chemical test that any jeweler can do for you. I’d suggest you do that first – take it to a jeweler and ask him or her to tell you if it is sterling silver or has any silver in it. If it has some silver it it, it might be coin silver. If it has no silver in it, then the jeweler might be able to guess what metal it is by seeing it in person.
You asked about hallmarks – I didn’t see any silver smith marks on the necklace – are there any? They would usually be stamped on the back of the naja.
I mention a book about hallmarks in this post – Native American Hallmarks


Vintage Squash Blossom Necklace with Hallmarks "FY Sterling"

Vintage Squash Blossom Necklace with Hallmarks “FY Sterling”


Dear Paula,
There are no hallmarks.
The store is closed, in fact the whole area is one big mall now.
Did you find out anything about the mine?

Hi Ellie,
FYI – I sent the close up pic of YOUR squash blossom to a friend who has been in the business for 30-40 years and asked if he thought it could be Dry Creek which is kind of light blue and was the only mine I knew of that produced the pale turquoise………… is his reply – do any of those Colorado mine names sound familiar that he mentions?
From the look of the beads, I would say that this was made in the 70’s, or is a good copy.  Dry Creek TQ was not really around at that time, coming into usage in the late 80’s to mid 90’s.  Is it possible to be Dry Creek – yes, just not as likely perhaps, and Dry Creek turquoise is from Nevada.  The Colorado mines were Lick Skillet also called Manassa, Cripple Creek. Leadville, Villa Grove, and a few minor others.  I am a little suspicious that this is Colorado TQ

Dear Paula
I bought the necklace in May of 1969.  And so your friend is probably correct it was new at that time. What do you think the value is?
Hi Ellie,
Well, it is like anything else, if you find someone who really wants it, they will pay more than if you just want to sell it quickly. So it might take time to find the right buyer.
Here is something that might be helpful for you to do.
Go to eBay and do a search for Native American squash blossom necklaces – if you need help on how to do that, let me know.
Browse what is FOR SALE now.
Then click on Advanced Search and choose the option “Completed listings” and you will see some that are sold (green numbers) some are not sold (red numbers) so you will see what people are asking, what people are actually buying and what auctions close without any bids.
The completed listings search is more valuable as it shows if there was any interest in a piece and if so, how much it brought if it sold – or was a NO SALE.
You’ve probably also visited our pawn shop and looked at all the squash blossom necklaces we have for sale and sold, right? That will also help you set a price.
Here they are – the ones for sale are on this page
and the ones we have sold are on this page
Here are a few more examples


Another example of a vintage squash blossom necklace

Another example of a vintage squash blossom necklace



Vintage Bear Claw Squash Blossom Necklace

Vintage Bear Claw Squash Blossom Necklace

Best of luck, Paula

Thank you Paula,

Thank you very much for your input. Your sites have also been very useful. – they are very nice sites. Peaceful photographs are much appreciated.




Native American Symbols – The Naja

Native American Symbol - The Naja

Sterling Silver Naja by Francis Begay

For an updated version of this post, go here